Expel, suspend, or prevent: What do data say about “violence things” in school?

“My perfect school would have everything except violence things.” This eloquent and succinct remark was made by an elementary school student (quoted by a study in 1998). School discipline is not a new topic, but school violence seems to be escalating in the 21st century. In 1940, the top school disciplinary problems ranked by teachers

School discipline: Understanding the current debate

On Friday, the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights held a full-day briefing on school discipline policy. The hearing comes at a moment of increasing tension in the debate surrounding racial disparities in the use of exclusionary discipline, like suspensions. While a 2014 “Dear Colleague” letter outlined the duty of districts to ensure that suspensions and expulsions